Increased body weight predisposes to type 2 diabetes. Weight reduction and the maintenance of a healthy weight is a key component of diabetes management, either type 1 or type 2. In many cases of type 2 diabetes, losing just 5 -10% of body weight can improve blood sugar numbers and lipids as well as a blood pressure. It is important to understand that the goal is not to cut quickly the quantity of food in order to lose weight but to consume smaller quantities following a weight-management program and improving your eating habits. So cutting calories can lead to weight loss.
- Consume daily the same amount of calories.
- Eat your meal at the dining table, without watching a TV or magazines.
- Make sure there is a vegetable salad on the table and start your meal with it.
- Eat low-fat foods, avoid fried food and add a small amount of olive oil to your meal.
- If you are hungry and cannot wait until your next meal, eat a green salad without oil.
- Drink plenty of water throughout the day. Avoid alcohol; it contains many calories.
- Keep your refrigerator empty rather than full. Avoid nuts, biscuits and sweets.
- Always leave some food on your plate, put a small portion or use a smaller plate.
- Do not forget about physical activity. Exercise daily, e.g. one hour walking, gardening etc.
- Frequent visits to your doctor or dietitian will help you with your efforts.
Insulin and Nutrition
When insulin is the main part of therapy then you need to eat at regular times and amounts. It is very important to be properly trained for this, so you should contact your health care team (dietician).